- Contributed almost 0.8% of its GDP to Ukraine, relatively more than any other nation, both in military and humanitarian aid.
- Is among EU's leaders in countering pro-Kremlin propaganda and advocating for enhanced military support for Ukraine.
- Together with other Baltic states, has stopped purchase of Russian natural gas, despite its high dependence.
- Must accelerate its efforts towards energy independence.
Providing military support for Ukraine, composed of four key categories:
- Ground Forces Support (e.g. small arms, defensive equipment, anti-tank)
- Air Defense Support
- Communications Support
- Cyber Intelligence Support
- Provided Ukraine with €220 million worth of military aid, including Javelin anti-tank weapons systems, munitions, medical equipment, personal equipment, and 25,000 field rations.
- This is a considerable contribution for nation of only 1.3m inhabitants, on the border of Russia.
Financial & Institutional Sanctions
Identifying sanctions impacting the Russian economy as a whole, including banks, sovereign debt, industry, access to global markets, etc.
- Estonia urges the West to close sanctions loopholes, including cryptocurrency.
- Together with other Baltic states and Slovakia, Estonia called for confiscation of sanctioned Russian assets and use them to rebuild Ukraine.
Sanctions on Oligarchs, Kleptocrats, & Western Enablers
Sanctions on individuals in Putin's inner circle including:
- exposing & seizing their assets
- revoking their visas
- holding them legally accountable where possible
The goal is to convince these individuals that their futures would be better without Putin than with him.
In addition to supporting the EU's measures, the Estonian government has stopped issuing visas to Russian citizens and halted the e-residency scheme.
Measures taken to isolate Russia diplomatically (e.g. recall of ambassadors & diplomats, stripping Russia of its G20 membership, etc)
- Estonia expelled several Russian diplomats and closed Russian consulates in Estonian towns of Tartu and Narva.
Combatting Putin's global propaganda network. While respecting freedom of speech, Putin should not be allowed to spread disinformation while Russia bans every single independent outlet. This measures countries' success in curbing Russian disinformation spread through Russia Today and other platforms.
- Four Russian TV channels have been banned from Estonian airwaves after the war started.
- The prime ministers of Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, and Poland sent a public letter to internet giants to combat war propaganda and disinformation. Soon afterward, internet giants removed Russian disinformation channels from their platforms.
Replace Russian Energy
Replacing Russian energy exports with alternative energy sources. That includes increasing production and opening new sources from fracking to nuclear to renewables.
Since April 1st Russian natural gas is no longer flowing to Latvia, Estonia, and Lithuania.